CodoForum 3.3.1: Multiple SQL Injection Vulnerabilities

CodoForum 3.3.1: Multiple SQL Injection Vulnerabilities

Date: 2015-08-07 16:59:38
Security Advisory – Curesec Research Team

1. Introduction

Affected Product: CodoForum 3.3.1
Fixed in: 3.4
Fixed Version Link:
Vendor Contact:
Vulnerability Type: Multiple SQL injections
Remote Exploitable: Yes
Reported to vendor: 07/07/2015
Disclosed to public: 08/07/2015
Release mode: Coordinated
CVE: n/a
Credits Tim Coen of Curesec GmbH

2. Vulnerability Description

There are two SQL injections in the CodoForum application. One is a blind injection which does not require any credentials, the other is a normal SQL injection which does require that the attacker be authenticated.

These vulnerabilities can lead to data leaks as well as compromisation of the host.

SQL Injection 1 (Blind)

The script that parses the request URL and displays posts depending on the retrieved id does not use proper protection against SQL injections. It does cast the retrieved user input to int, but it does not use this value, but the original value instead.

The retrieved values are never displayed to the end user, making this a blind injection. An attacker does not need to be authenticated to perform this attack.

Proof of Concept:

http://localhost/codoforum/index.php?u=/page/6 and 1=1%23/terms-of-service -> true (terms and services displayed) http://localhost/codoforum/index.php?u=/page/6 and 1=2%23/terms-of-service -> false ("You do not have enough permissions to view this page!")


routes.php:593 $pid = (int) $id; $user = \CODOF\User\User::get(); $qry = 'SELECT title, content FROM ' . PREFIX . 'codo_pages p ' . ' LEFT JOIN ' . PREFIX . 'codo_page_roles r ON ' . ' WHERE (r.rid IS NULL OR (r.rid IS NOT NULL AND r.rid IN (' . implode($user->rids) . ')))' . ' AND' . $id;

SQL Injection 2

The script processing the mass sending of email does not properly handle the subject, body, or roles arguments it retrieves from a POST request. The script can only be accessed by authenticated users.

The following request:

http://localhost/codoforum/admin/index.php?page=system/massmail POST: subject=USER_SUPPLIED_subj&body=USER_SUPPLIED_body
for example results in this query:
INSERT INTO codo_mail_queue (to_address, mail_subject, body) SELECT mail, 'USER_SUPPLIED_subj', 'USER_SUPPLIED_body' FROM codo_users AS u


admin/modules/system/massmail.php $subject = html_entity_decode($_POST['subject'], ENT_NOQUOTES, "UTF-8"); $body = html_entity_decode($_POST['body'], ENT_NOQUOTES, "UTF-8"); [...] if (isset($_POST['roles'])) { $condition = " INNER JOIN " . PREFIX . "codo_user_roles AS r ON " . " WHERE r.rid IN (" . implode($_POST['roles']) . ")"; } $qry = "INSERT INTO " . PREFIX . "codo_mail_queue (to_address, mail_subject, body)" . " SELECT mail, '$subject', '$body' FROM " . PREFIX . "codo_users AS u" . $condition;

3. Solution

Upgrade to Version 3.4:

4. Report Timeline

07/07/2015 Informed Vendor about Issue
07/07/2015 Vendor confirmation
08/03/2015 Vendor releases Version 3.4
08/07/2015 Disclosed to public